An overview of the life without obligations by many authors and the concept of environmental ethics

As he put it However, perhaps what Schweitzer was getting at was something like Paul W.

List of environmental ethics

Such thinkers have claimed that ethics must be extended beyond humanity, and that moral standing should be accorded to the non-human natural world. Are there any stakeholders - human and non-human - who are especially vulnerable? Explain it in terms of the insights we have developed in class regarding strangeness. Traditional ethics, Plumwood argues, promote reason as capable of providing a stable foundation for moral argument, because of its impartiality and universalizability. It should be noted, however, that some theorists working in the field see no need to develop new, non-anthropocentric theories. Mill also recognized a debt to the gloomy prognostications of Thomas Malthus, who had conjectured that population tends to increase geometrically while food resources at best increase only arithmetically, so that demand for food will inevitably outstrip the supply see Milgate and Stimson , Ch. Who - humans and otherwise - is affected today by the problem before us and who will likely be affected by this problem in the future? That environmental ethics should be biocentric, not anthropocentric, and therefore that nonhuman beings should be accorded equal consideration of their interests, just as humans are. If we reflect on how we already think, we can see several common modes of ethical reasoning.

New York. Given the significance of the concept of naturalness in these debates, it is perhaps surprising that there has been relatively little analysis of that concept itself in environmental thought.

environmental ethics pdf

But if the plant also has some value in itself independently of its prospects for furthering some other ends such as human health, or the pleasure from aesthetic experience, then the plant also has intrinsic value. The second sees the use of theology as a means to rationalize the unmanaged consumptions of natural resources.

Carson did write to a friend that the 'Reverence-for-Life philosophy is of course somewhat like my own', and other approving references to Schweitzer are scattered throughout her writings and correspondence.

environmental ethics essay

Can such an apparently elitist sort of wilderness ethics ever be democratised? Following this principle not only protects humans and the environment against potentially serious threats but also provides an incentive for reducing future uncertainty.

Principles of environmental ethics

After all, if we accept such a hierarchy, just how low is the moral significance of plants? Thus, the question is not, what quality does the land possess that makes it worthy of moral standing? Our actions impact who will exist in the future, making our knowledge of who they will be incomprehensible. Sophia: Sophia Press. Part of the job of the environmental ethicist will thus be to give such disciplines the benefit of his or her expertise. The fact is, we become what we do - whether what we do involves only other people or also involves the natural world. As for the first point, it is pointed out that our concerns for the environment extend beyond merely worrying about individual creatures. This led to the enactment of the Environmental Management and Coordination Act. Am I becoming more just, more humble, more generous? What does sufficiency mean for other creatures, especially those threatened with extinction? May, R. Holistic entities may not have independent moral standing, according to these thinkers, but that does not equate to ignoring them.
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Environmental ethics