Assess the biomedical and socio medical
The biomedical model of health fits in well with the functionalist perspective to sociology as it sees ill-health as being dysfunctional to society. Various parties have challenged this model, and Patient Centred Interviewing PCI has subsequently emerged to incorporate behavioural, psychological, and social aspects in addition to the existing biomedical framework Engel, When trying to restore health back, the biomedical model treats both the body, mind differently, and thinks that finding a cure is more important than finding prevention.
Biomedical model of health pdf
Linking back to the case study it states that Martin and Angela live in a two bedroom flat on a local council estate. For instance, not only does Martin drink and smoke but he also suffers with low self-esteem and has lacked confidence. All together these impact on health. A disadvantage of the biomedical model of health is that it is not a long-term strategy. Case Study: Martin is 43 years old and has been working as a builder for the past 18 years. Abnormal psychology 3. It also fails to look at the harmful effects which prompt the individual through the effects of treatment by a physician or surgeon. Another disadvantage of the biomedical model of health is that not all health conditions can be cured, on the other hand they can often be managed through behaviour modification therapy which this model does not consider A strength of the socio model of health is that it addresses the border causes of health such as, age, gender, culture, social class, education and ethnicity. The socio-medical model fits in with the Marxist perspective to sociology, as it focusses on social and environmental factors. The biomedical model focuses on the cures for illnesses and diseases.
As stated, this theory is much more easily applicable to acute conditions then to chronic ill-health and is difficult to apply to mental disorders. Weaknesses of socio-medical model: Despite there being a couple of strengths there are also weaknesses of socio-medical model of health.
The social model is organic and holistic rather than a reductionist, mechanical method. It tends to define and redefine health in a continuous manner, and views health differently between individuals, groups, times and cultures.
Assess the biomedical and socio medical
The family lives in a two bedroom flat on a local council estate which is known for having a high crime rate; the flat is damp and very cold in the winter. Strengths of socio-medical model The socio-medical model encourages people to live healthy lifestyles and also looks at the causes of illness and diseases, also tries to improve the factors that cause illness and prevent this from occurring again. Acts to enable access to healthcare 5. The biomedical model also states that health can be restored by various techniques e. As a result, it is the cure that doctors focus on. According to the biomedical model, every illness has a cause and once the Health Care professionals remove the cause this means the individual can become healthy again. This model also allows for more subtle discrimination of individuals who succeed in leading productive lives in spite of a physical impairment. According to the biomedical model, every illness has a cause and once Health Care professionals remove the cause this means that the individual can become healthy again. The socio-medical model challenges assumptions made about the medical model, and focuses and emphasises the need to look at wider considerations. We shall look at the different models of health such as biomedical and socio medical models of health, the advantages, dis advantages and how these models of health can improve Mr. There are five key principles to the social model of health: 1. When trying to restore health back, the biomedical model treats both the body, mind differently, and thinks that finding a cure is more important than finding prevention. The functionalist perspective also supports this model by stating that if people are taking more responsibility over their health, they will be able to contribute more to society. The socio-medical model challenges assumptions made about the medical model and focuses and emphasises the need to look at wider considerations. It will give them control over decisions and actions that influence their health.
Further criticisms of this theory are focussed principally on the suggestion that it has over-simplified the biological processes now known to be very intricate. Linking back to the case study it states that Martin and Angela live in a two bedroom flat on a local council estate.
Another strength of the biological model is that it has a high success rate in treatment.
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