Causes and results of the sepoy mutiny
Inthe sepoys of Barrakpore did not agree to proceed to Burma as their custom was against the crossing of the sea which results in the loss of the caste.
The ramifications of this were far-reaching.
Naturally the already better- educated higher castes were the first whose services were utilized and the first to be educated at these universities. Sepoys throughout India were issued with a new rifle, the Pattern Enfield rifled musket —a more powerful and accurate weapon than the old but smoothbore Brown Bess they had been using for the previous decades.
Partly owing to this, Bengal sepoys were not subject to the penalty of flogging as were the European soldiers. The parliamentary reports of also record that while the British cotton and silk goods imported into India paid a duty of VA per cent and woolen goods 2 per cent, Indian cotton goods exported to Britain paid 10 per cent, silk goods 20 per cent and the woolen goods 30 per cent.
There is a view that resentment was brewing since which took a shape in As early as , concerns that the sepoys' caste may be polluted had led to the Vellore Mutiny , which was brutally suppressed. It is difficult to accept the conspiracy theory of the native rulers against the British. Political and Administrative Reasons: The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with suspicion and develop hatred towards the British power in India. The annexation of Baghat and Udaipur were however, cancelled and they were restored to their ruling houses. The Sikhs had been at odds with the Mughal dynasty for nearly years and probably did not want it re-instated. In the end the reprisals far outweighed the original excesses. The ramifications of this were far-reaching. Everywhere the old Indian aristocracy was being replaced by British officials. Prior to the period of British rule, any refusal to proceed on service until pay issues were resolved was considered a legitimate form of displaying grievance by Indian troops serving under Indian rulers. The rifling inside the musket barrel ensured accuracy at much greater distances than was possible with old muskets. Partly owing to this, Bengal sepoys were not subject to the penalty of flogging as were the European soldiers. All these leaders no doubt were affected by the policies of the British in the last hundred years and had genuine grievance against the British. Irrigation systems were built, large tracts of land made cultivable.
The Punjabi peasantry in turn faced dire poverty due to water shortage, depleted soil fertility and loss of land. Rich people like the merchants and moneylenders were therefore able to speculate in British land sales and drive out the most vulnerable peasant farmers.
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