Indias reservation policy in higher education

reservation in india advantages and disadvantages

Reservation in Maharashtra. Simplification, legislative sunsets and periodic reviews should be important principles in the redesign. The reservation in education is widely believed to have produced significant upward mobility for disadvantaged groups. For example, in the State of Tamil Naduthe caste-based reservation stands at 69 percent and applies to about 87 percent of the population.

Reservation in india ppt

Historical Background[ edit ] The primary objective of the reservation system in India is to enhance the social and educational status of underprivileged communities and people thus improve their lives. The country's affirmative action programme was launched in and is the oldest such programme in the world. In , the Supreme Court upheld the amendments but stipulated that the concerned state will have to show, in each case, the existence of "compelling reasons" - which include "backwardness", "inadequacy of representation" and overall "administrative efficiency - before making provisions for reservation. The judgement also established the concept of qualitative exclusion, such as "creamy layer". But in higher educational institutes, till now there is no reservation for the OBC community but there is reservation in regard to admission in primary, secondary and higher secondary studies. Only about 0. Thomas case when a judge said that the "benefits of the reservation shall be snatched away by the top creamy layer of the backward class, thus leaving the weakest among the weak and leaving the fortunate layers to consume the whole cake". Business Today has commented that these criteria cover almost percent of the population. Due to this, many students are not able to chase their dreams and get success. For example, in the State of Tamil Nadu , the caste-based reservation stands at 69 percent and applies to about 87 percent of the population. These people are making tall claims just to win elections".

The first such policy in independent India dates to This reservations in politics has been extended to employment Article 16 and to higher education. The survey over admissions of students for past 5 years says that student enrollment in General category has significantly decreased from We call it reservation in India.

The creamy layer criteria were introduced at Rs 1 lakh in and revised to Rs 2. For instance, there is reservation in some contexts for backward class Muslims a compound of economic and religious groups and there is much controversy about whether Dalit Christians a compound of caste and religion groups retain their affirmative rights.

Ambedkarfavoured it. As of Marchthe Lok Sabha has not voted on the bill. Updated: 01 OctAM IST Narayan Ramachandran The challenge for India is that while many sections of the society remain disadvantaged STs, for onepolitical action has shifted to relative discrimination within reserved groups Share Via Read Full Story Topics mint-india-wire India reservation policies human development UNDP OBC reservations reservation for job promotion reservations for employment reservations for higher education positive discrimination A report by the United Nations Development Programme titled Human Development for Everyone sets out in elegant prose the meaning and purpose of human development.

essay on reservation in india

Politicians see this as a golden opportunity for getting votes. Reservation policies are now formulated and being used by the governments in power for votes in mind to appease one or the other section of the society.

What is reservation system

The reservation in education is widely believed to have produced significant upward mobility for disadvantaged groups. Paradoxically, it appears this judgment has handed the power back to the executive to create laws that would do just such a thing. He provided free education to everyone and opened several hostels to make it easier for them to receive it. A critical assessment of political- and employment-related reservation is less clear about the benefits. Critics say gender cannot be held as a basis for reservation alone other factors should also be considered e. As the reservation pie grows larger, in effect, it becomes a method of exclusion rather than inclusion. The court said that the sub-quota has been carved out only on religious lines and not on any other intelligible basis. It called for a similar change to admissions to institutes of higher education, except where states already had more generous requirements. Narayan Ramachandran is chairman, InKlude Labs. This ratio is followed even in Parliament and all elections where a few constituencies are earmarked for those from certain communities which will next rotate in per the Delimitation Commission. The survey over admissions of students for past 5 years says that student enrollment in General category has significantly decreased from It says that a total percentage of reservation in Indian colleges and universities is up to
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Reservation in India